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Our DeFi experts demystify and explain decentralized finance, how it works, and how to capitalize on its growth potential.
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Boba Network: Revolutionary Layer-2 Scaling Solution for Ethereum

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Boba Network: Revolutionary Layer-2 Scaling Solution for Ethereum
Blockchain technology is relatively new, having originated in 2009. Since then, it has come a long way, undergoing massive improvements, like decentralized apps, NFTs, multiple layers, and much more. As developers of different backgrounds started getting into blockchain, more features were implemented, primarily aiming to make the technology more efficient and easier to use. The Problem One of the most scalable blockchains is Ethereum, with the majority of modern blockchain features being implemented on it. Despite its positives, Ethereum has always had one critical flaw: exorbitant gas fees. Many believe this issue will be resolved with the transition to ETH 2.0 set to happen on 19 September 2022. However, many critics believe this won't solve the gas issue for Ethereum, which is why developers have started looking into Ethereum alternatives in 2022. Instead of the merge rectifying the gas issue, critics believe this problem will persist as Ethereum is a so-called "Layer-1 blockchain". This means that all transactions processed within a block are stored on one layer, and then everything is distributed appropriately. Consequently, developers have thought of a new blockchain model that might solve this issue, which is where Boba Network comes in. What Is Boba Network? Boba Network is a Layer-2 scaling solution for Ethereum. This means the blockchain has an additional protocol built on top of the main network—a second layer used to handle transactions. In addition to implementing a second layer, Boba Network also uses an Optimistic rollup model to scale Ethereum's transactions. In short, this rollup model ensures that the data doesn't necessarily have to be stored on the main chain. Instead, the data is stored off-chain, with only a small portion of it being stored on-chain. This way, the network can process a much larger volume of transactions without worrying about bloating the network. How Does Boba Network Work? Boba Network is a smart contract platform that runs atop Ethereum. It consists of two main components: Validator Manager Contract (VMC) This contract manages all the validators within the network. It is responsible for assigning transactions to different validators and keeping track of their activity. When transactions are properly assigned and distributed, there won't be an overloaded validator, meaning that all transactions will be managed accordingly. Rollup Contract (RUC) This is the contract that actually processes the transactions. It consists of two parts: the relay chain and the Rollup Chain. The relay chain is specifically responsible for processing deposits and withdrawals, while the Rollup Chain handles all other transactions. What Are the Advantages of Boba Network? Boba Network's primary benefit is its scalability. Thanks to its Optimistic rollup model, the network can process around 500 TPS (transactions per second). This number is set to increase in the future as more improvements are made to the network. Ethereum currently has a TPS of 13. In terms of security, Boba Network uses a combination of Proof-of-Stake and Plasma to secure its transactions. Proof-of-Stake consensus is used to validate all the transactions happening on the chain, while Plasma is used to prevent double-spending. This combination makes Boba Network one of the most secure Layer-2 scaling solutions available. Another big positive for Boba Network is that it's user-friendly and doesn't require any special software to be used. Instead, users only need a Web3-compatible wallet, like MetaMask. In addition, Boba Network has an easy-to-use interface that makes it perfect for those who are not too familiar with blockchain technology. What Are the Drawbacks of Boba Network? The main drawback of Boba Network is that it's still in its early stages of development. Even though the network officially launched in September 2021, it's still a relative newcomer compared to older players. Unfortunately, some bugs and glitches are inevitable, potentially leading to security issues. Additionally, the team behind Boba Network is relatively small, so it might take a while for all the planned features to be implemented. Another factor to keep in mind is that since Boba Network is built on Ethereum, it shares all of Ethereum's limitations. The Future of Blockchain Technology Boba Network seems to be a promising project that, if executed correctly, could revolutionize the way Ethereum currently works. If the Ethereum merge fails to solve the main issue of the network, developers and users alike might be forced to use alternative solutions like Boba Network. While Boba Network is not the first Layer-2 solution to be proposed, it still has significant advantages that should be considered for the future of blockchain technology.
Fat Protocol Theory: Is It Outdated and Becoming Obsolete?

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Fat Protocol Theory: Is It Outdated and Becoming Obsolete?
In the years after its development, the blockchain model caught the attention of many professionals. The technology behind this model was widely thought to be revolutionary, as it would be a fully decentralized communication model. Moreover, its use cases would also be massive, potentially revolutionizing how many industries function. However, certain analysts immediately developed theories regarding how the blockchain will develop. One of the most popular ones is the Fat Protocol theory or thesis (FTP), which we will cover below. Difference Between the Traditional Network Model and the Blockchain Model To understand this theory, a distinction needs to be made between traditional network protocols and blockchain technology. Unlike traditional network protocols, like TCP/IP and HTTP, the blockchain network model works quite differently. With traditional network models, the dynamic works in a client-server manner—the client requests data from the server, the server processes it, and then sends it back to the client after the validity of the data in question has been verified. With blockchain technology, there is no such thing as a client and a server. Instead, every node that joins the network can act as both. As a result, the nodes in the blockchain model can process and send data to another node in the server, allowing for much more transparent communication. In a traditional network model, data's validity is verified from the server, but in the blockchain model, the data is verified by other nodes in the network. What Is the Fat Protocol Theory? Joel Monegro first proposed the Fat Protocol theory in 2016. In his original post, Monegro argues that the value of a network will be determined primarily by its underlying protocol layer rather than the applications built on top of it. Let's take a look at his statement in simpler terms. With the way most networks work, they have a so-called "application layer" on top. For the world wide web (WWW), the application layer is where all the apps we use daily are stored—like Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, etc. Underneath this application layer is a "protocol layer", which defines how the network works. Regarding the internet we use today, the network consists of a "fat" application layer and a "thin" protocol layer. Monegro believes the blockchain network will have the opposite model—a "fat" protocol layer and a "thin" application layer. The reasoning behind this is that, with traditional networks, the app developers don't have to worry about how the network works—they just develop their app and launch it on the app store. But with blockchain technology, every developer who wants to launch an app will first have to create their own blockchain. Thus, the "fat" protocol layer will be much more valuable than the "thin" application layer. Shortfalls of the Fat Protocol Theory The Fat Protocol theory is controversial for a few reasons. Firstly, it goes against the way all networks have developed so far. As we've seen, with the internet, the application layer is much more valuable than the protocol layer. The dApps built on top of the network are what drive users to use it, and thus, they are what create value. The second flaw in the theory is that it doesn't take into account the fact that the blockchain is still in its early stages of development. At this point, it's still very hard to create a functional blockchain, and most people that want to do so don't have the necessary technical expertise. Moreover, it's also hard to launch an app on a blockchain, as there are very few users that actually have the required cryptocurrency to use it. These factors make it very unlikely that the Fat Protocol theory will play out in reality. For now, it seems much more likely that the value of a blockchain network will be determined by the applications built on top of it rather than the protocol layer. As more and more developers start seeing the benefits that blockchain technology offers over traditional network models, we'll likely see more apps being built on the blockchain. Cloaked in Controversy We can conclude that the Fat Protocol theory is a controversial one, and it's doubtful that it will come to fruition. The main reason for this is that the theory doesn't take into account the fact that blockchain technology is still in its early stages of development. As previously highlighted, creating a blockchain is complex, and most people don't have the technical expertise required. However, as the industry grows, we'll likely see more blockchains being built with an extensive application layer, which is what gives a network its actual value.
7 Best NFTs on the Market to Invest in Right Now (2022)

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

7 Best NFTs on the Market to Invest in Right Now (2022)
Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are rapidly growing in popularity, proving something the crypto world has known for a while—that NFTs are the future. With the sheer number of different NFTs currently on the market, and new ones popping up every day, choosing the right one to invest in can be daunting. We’ve compiled a list of the best NFT projects and platforms on the market to invest in right now, to give you a nudge in the right direction. Whether you're looking to just purchase a few NFTs or get on the ground floor of a new project, these are some of the best options out there. » Is the NFT space for you? Find out why NFTs are a good investment 1. NFTrade NFTrade is a cross-chain NFT platform that allows users to mint, purchase, sell, trade, leverage, and farm NFTs across different blockchains. The platform is blockchain-agnostic, which means that it can work with any blockchain that supports compatible tokens. This makes NFTrade one of the most versatile NFT platforms on the market and one that gives users a lot of flexibility when it comes to managing their NFTs. 2. Battle Infinity Battle Infinity is a powerful, NFT-based ecosystem that is connecting the play-to-earn (P2E) sector with the Metaverse. The project recently concluded its Metaverse token (IBAT) presale, which sold out in just 24 days. This implies huge growth potential, making it a great investment for those looking to get involved in the Metaverse space. The project is also set to roll out the IBAT Premier League (fantasy sports league) and the IBAT Battle Market (NFT marketplace) to further increase its ecosystem’s value. » New to the Metaverse? Catch up with this space in a brief introduction 3. Bored Ape Yacht Club The BAYC is a project that focuses on delivering high-quality NFTs and providing a unique experience for its users. You can invest in one of the 10,000 Bored Ape NFTs, a collection of digital art that comes with access to members-only perks. The project has also launched its new meme token, the Ape Coin, which is a token for utility and governance. Holders of the Ape Coin have voting rights on the Ape Coin Decentralized Autonomous Organization— the DAO— and can earn rewards for participating in the community. 4. Identity 20XY The Identity 20XY team is developing a groundbreaking project that links the blockchain protocol with cutting-edge technologies like NFTs and augmented reality. Identity 20XY enables virtual face-to-face meetings while keeping the user's identity hidden with a customized mask that is represented by an NFT. This creative idea may appeal to individuals who want to communicate with others using a video conferencing platform while maintaining their appearance private. This could especially be of interest to those who value their privacy in general, an increasingly hard thing to get in the digital world we live in. 5. Lucky Block Lucky Block is a decentralized platform that uses NFTs to allow users to compete for rewards transparently. Every week, the network offers a main draw and an NFT draw where users can participate by depositing NFT collections. Winners can earn up to $50,000 in rewards, with most rewards being issued in the platform’s utility token— LBLOCK. The platform is still in its early stages but has already amassed a large community of users and supporters, as its unique use case for NFTs has gained traction. With more luck (pun intended), the project could see mass adoption in the future. 6. Silks Silks is the first Metaverse that uses the gameplay of a horse racing game to mirror horse racing in the real world. When the thoroughbred racehorse in the actual world wins a race or bears offspring, its Silks Horse counterpart will earn rewards. Briefly put, Silks combines public information on actual thoroughbred racehorses with NFTs, offering users a gaming experience akin to fantasy sports. This is an interesting project as it seeks to gamify a real-world activity that has a large following. If successful, Silks could become the go-to metaverse for horse racing fans and sports enthusiasts alike. 7. CryptoKitties CryptoKitties was one of the earliest and most popular NFT projects, allowing users to purchase, collect, and breed digital cats. The game quickly rose to prominence, with some kitties selling for over $300,000. While the project has since lost some steam, it remains a key player in the NFT space and is worth watching. Its team has continued to innovate, recently launching Cheeze Wizards, a battle game where players use their wizards (NFTs) to fight for prizes. » Not sure where to buy NFTs? Follow this guide to the best NFT marketplaces The Bottomline These are just some of the many innovative projects that are leveraging NFTs to create unique and valuable experiences for users. Other equally interesting projects that are brewing include Real Estate Investment Club, FaceTransPlants, Souls of Nature, and STEPN. With the increasing popularity of NFTs, we can expect to see more creativity and adoption in the space in the months and years to come.
Top 5 Reliable Sites For Purchasing Stablecoins Safely

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Top 5 Reliable Sites For Purchasing Stablecoins Safely
As the world of cryptocurrency continues to grow, so does the need for more reliable ways to purchase digital assets. One such asset that investors are turning to more and more is the stablecoin. Stablecoins are digital tokens that are designed to maintain a stable value, regardless of the volatility of the cryptocurrency market. This makes them an ideal choice for investors who want to protect their portfolios from market fluctuations. Stablecoin yield farming allows users to borrow and exchange stablecoins on both DEX vs CEX platforms. However, with so many different stablecoins on the market, it can be difficult to know which ones are the most reliable—and where they can be purchased safely. We look at five of the most trusted sites in this article, all of which have been vetted by our team of experts and are known for their dependability and security. » Are stablecoins safe? Discover the safest stablecoins of September 2022 1. Binance Binance is one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges in the world, offering a wide variety of digital assets for investors to purchase. This includes several of the most popular stablecoins, such as Tether (USDT) Pax Dollar (USDP), Dai (DAI), and more. Binance is known for its user-friendly interface and robust security features, including two-factor authentication to protect user accounts, as well as API access control, device management, and whitelisting. Additionally, all digital assets are stored in offline cold wallets. Investors can purchase stablecoins on Binance using either fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies. The platform also offers a mobile app for users who want to trade on the go, making it a great option for beginners and advanced traders alike. 2. Coinbase Coinbase is a popular option for investors, because it's considered one of the most user-friendly exchanges in the industry, with an easy-to-use platform and educational tools for beginners. Coinbase is one of the most secure exchanges in operation, with multiple layers of security to protect user accounts. The platform also uses advanced encryption techniques to ensure the safety of digital assets, such as two-factor authentication, multi-approval withdrawals, and password protection. Coinbase offers a wide range of stablecoins for investors to choose from, including USD Coin (USDC), Dai (DAI), and Pax Dollar (USDP). 3. Gemini Gemini is owned by the Winklevoss twins, who are also early investors in Bitcoin. The exchange is regulated by the New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) and is compliant with all applicable laws and regulations. One of its strongest features is its industry-leading security protocol, which includes two-factor authentication, wallet address whitelisting, and device management. The platform also has its own hot wallet, which is backed by digital asset insurance. This means that in case of a hack or security breach, users' funds stored in wallets are covered. Needless to say, it's one of the most reliable places to buy and store stablecoins. 4. Kraken Kraken is one of the oldest cryptocurrency exchanges in operation, having been founded in 2011. The platform is known for its high security standards, with multiple layers of protection to keep user accounts safe. This includes two-factor authentication, withdrawal email confirmation, strict surveillance, air-gapped cold storage, SSL encryption, and precise API key permission control. The Kraken exchange's servers are also kept in secured cages with armed guards and video cameras on watch 24 hours a day, seven days a week. As a result, no major hacking incidents have been reported in Kraken's almost 10-year history. Kraken offers a wide range of stablecoins for investors to purchase, as well as over 100 cryptocurrencies. Kraken has a simple user interface and is a high liquidity exchange, making it a great choice for someone looking to buy or sell stablecoins quickly. 5. Nexo Nexo is a bit different from the other exchanges on this list, as it's not strictly an exchange. Rather, Nexo is a lending platform that allows investors to borrow against their digital assets as collateral. This includes stablecoins, which can be used to take out loans in fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies. The platform also offers industry-grade security features to protect user accounts, including two-factor authentication, biometric identification, whitelisting, and a host of other measures. Nexo is also insured by Lloyd's of London, meaning that users' digital assets are protected in case of a hack or security breach. Conclusion These are just a few of the many exchanges where you can buy stablecoins. When choosing an exchange, be sure to consider factors like security, fees, liquidity, and user experience. By doing so, you'll be able to find the best platform for your needs and be well on your way to investing in stablecoins.
6 Safest Stablecoins in September 2022—Top Investors' Choice

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

6 Safest Stablecoins in September 2022—Top Investors' Choice
Stablecoins provide crypto investors with an opportunity to ride the crypto waves amid high volatility—while still maintaining the value of their portfolios. As their name suggests, stablecoins are designed to remain stable in price, usually pegged to a fiat currency or other less volatile assets. This makes them ideal for use in commerce and trading, as well as for holding as a long-term investment. With so many stablecoins on the market, it can be hard to know which ones are the safest to invest in. We take a look at six of the best stablecoins to invest in based on stability, market capitalization, and liquidity. » Where can stablecoins be bought safely? Explore the best sites to buy stablecoins 1. Tether (USDT) Tether (USDT) is one of the oldest and most popular stablecoins in the market. USDT has been in the crypto market since 2014 and is pegged to the US dollar at a 1:1 ratio. It has a market cap of $67.92B, making it the largest stablecoin as well by far. Tether adheres to world-class compliance measures for anti-money laundering (AML), know your customer (KYC), and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT) rules regulations—making it one of the most trusted stablecoins in the market. 2. USD Coin (USDC) USD coin (USDC) is another popular stablecoin pegged to the US dollar. Built on Ethereum, USDC is compatible with all Ethereum wallets and decentralized applications (dApps). Every online digital dollar of USDC is 100% backed by real cash and short-dated U.S. treasuries, ensuring that it's always redeemable in equal amounts of US dollars. Its market cap is $50.19B. USDC is also one of the few stablecoins that undergo regular audits to ensure that it's backed 1:1 by US dollar reserves. These audits are conducted by the top five independent firms, including the likes of Grant Thornton LLP. The statements and reports are published monthly on the center's website for full transparency. 3. Binance (BUSD) Binance (BUSD) is a stablecoin issued by one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges, Binance, in partnership with Paxos. BUSD is a dollar-backed stablecoin that always holds its value at 1:1 with the US dollar. This means that BUSD can always be bought and sold at the same rate of 1 BUSD to 1 USD. BUSD is ERC-20 compliant and hence compatible with Ethereum-based wallets and applications. It's also regulated by the New York State Department of Financial Services, providing investors with an additional layer of protection. BUSD has a market cap of $20.52B. » Want to stay updated on Binance? Catch up on the evolutions of the BNB chain 4. Dai (DAI) DAI is a cryptocurrency that was created by MakerDAO and is intended to be a stablecoin free of any centralizing authority, as opposed to other stablecoins, which are vulnerable to censorship. DAI is pegged to the US dollar and uses collateralized debt in the form of Ether (ETH). What makes this stablecoin different from others is that it doesn't require collateral held by a company. The process is regulated through smart contracts associated with Collateral Debt Positions taken out with MakerDAO. The stablecoin has a market cap of $6.88B. » Does DAI have tokens? Discover how DAI tokens work 5. TrueUSD (TUSD) TrueUSD (TUSD) is a dollar-backed stablecoin that was created to provide its users with a more trustworthy and transparent alternative to other stablecoins in the market. All TUSD in circulation is backed 1:1 by US dollars held in escrow accounts with verified US banks, making it one of the most stable and reliable stablecoins. TrueUSD claims to be the first regulated stablecoin in the market. It's fully collateralized, legally protected, and transparently audited at regular intervals. These audits are conducted by top-tier accounting firms such as Cohen & Company. TUSD has a market cap of $1.08B. 6. Pax Dollar (USDP) Pax Dollar (USDP) is a dollar-backed stablecoin created by Paxos, a New York State chartered trust company. USDP is always backed 1:1 with US dollars held in reserve by Paxos, making it a reliable and trustworthy stablecoin. Paxos is a regulated financial institution, providing an additional layer of protection to investors. Paxos also conducts regular audits of its US dollar reserve, which are then published on its website. The current market cap is $ 945.39M. Conclusion There are many different types of stablecoins in the market, each with its own unique features and benefits. However, all stablecoins share one common goal: to provide a more stable and reliable alternative to other cryptocurrencies. When looking to invest in and to make money with stablecoins, it's always helpful to research each option thoroughly to find the one that best suits your needs.
Everything You Need to Know About Polkadot

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Everything You Need to Know About Polkadot
Blockchain technology has evolved and changed a lot since its inception. In the past, it was limited to just a couple of big cryptocurrencies, each with its own network, features, and functionalities. However, with this growth of the space, the market effectively became a bunch of divided blockchains that would benefit from interacting with each other, which is why multi-chain solutions like Polkadot have started arising. Polkadot is both a protocol and cryptocurrency, designed with the primary goal of connecting unrelated blockchains. Still, we've only touched the tip of the iceberg for Polkadot, so let's dive deeper. What Is Polkadot? Polkadot was created by the Web3 Foundation, a non-profit organization from Switzerland that develops decentralized technologies on the blockchain. The project was led by Gavin Wood, who is also one of the co-founders of Ethereum. In order for Polkadot to act as a multi-chain solution aiming to connect different blockchains, it uses so-called parachains (also known as parallel blockchains) to connect different networks like Bitcoin and Ethereum and make them interoperable. A cross-chain protocol like Polkadot makes it possible to buy ETH with BTC without having to exchange them for USD, for example. How Does Polkadot Work? Polkadot is a heterogeneous multi-chain network that can support multiple blockchains with different characteristics, functionalities, and purposes. As mentioned above, it utilizes parachains to connect networks and make them interoperable with each other. The point of all this is to make it easier for developers to build decentralized applications (dApps) that can interact with multiple blockchains. Having this feature means that developers don't need to create a new blockchain from scratch every time they want to connect it to another one. Instead, they can just launch a parachain and be good to go. DOT Governance Token The Polkadot Network has a native cryptocurrency called the DOT token, which is primarily used for governance. Since Polkadot is fully decentralized, the community (i.e., the holders of the token) get to vote on how the protocol is governed. Additionally, the DOT token can also be used for staking. As a blockchain, Polkadot uses an NPoS (nominated proof-of-stake) consensus algorithm, which is how the transactions are verified. » Interested in more details on Polkadot's inner workings? Gain an overview of Polkadot's ecosystem Benefits of Using Polkadot Polkadot is a pretty innovative project with a lot of potential. Below we go into more detail about the benefits of the protocol and why you should consider using it. Scalability The first big benefit of Polkadot is that it's highly scalable. Theoretically, the network can support thousands of parachains, each with its own blockchain. In comparison, Ethereum can only support around 100 dApps at a time before it starts slowing down. This scalability is made possible by the relay chain that Polkadot uses. The relay chain is the main backbone of the network, which is where all the transaction data from the parachains is processed. This data is then bundled up and sent to the validators (i.e., those who stake DOT tokens) to be verified. The relay chain uses a kind of "sharding" technique where different parts of the network can process transactions in parallel, which makes it much faster than Ethereum's main blockchain. » Why is scalability important? Understand the scalability trilemma Interoperability Another big advantage of Polkadot is that it's fully interoperable. As we've said, the network connects different blockchains and allows them to interact with each other. This is a really big feature, as it opens up a whole world of possibilities for dApp developers. For example, let's say you're developing a dApp that needs to interact with a blockchain that's not compatible with Ethereum. With Polkadot, you can launch a parachain for that blockchain and connect it to the network. This way, your dApp can still interact with the other blockchain without any issues. Efficiency Since Polkadot offers a lot of unique features, you might think that it's much more expensive to use than other blockchains. However, this isn't the case as Polkadot is much cheaper to use than other scalable blockchains like Ethereum, because the network only needs to process the data that's relevant to the parachains that you're using. So, if you're not using a particular parachain, the network won't waste any resources processing its data. This efficiency is made possible by the "collators" who are responsible for collecting and packaging the data from the parachains. The collators only need to collect the data that's relevant to the parachains that you're using, which makes the network incredibly efficient. Final Thoughts Overall, we think that Polkadot is an innovative project with a lot of potential. Its ability to connect different blockchains, allowing interoperability between networks, coupled with its efficiency makes it an intriguing prospect for both users and developers. We'll be sure to keep an eye on it and see how it develops in the future.
Mapping the DeFi Ecosystem in 2022

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Mapping the DeFi Ecosystem in 2022
DeFi, or decentralized finance, is a new financial technology that's revolutionizing how we think about future finance. The term "DeFi" was initially coined in 2018 by a team of developers working on Ethereum with the simple goal of improving existing financial systems. The DeFi space seeks to do this by implementing blockchain technology—the same technology behind cryptocurrencies. This space has been rapidly growing in the last couple of years, and with this growth, has split into multiple segments referred to as layers. Let's explore this further. Layers of the DeFi Ecosystem The DeFi space consists of four main layers. Let's cover them in a bit more depth. User Layer Also known as the front-end layer, this is the part of DeFi that most crypto enthusiasts interact with daily. This first layer consists of wallets and DeFi Hubs, which make the features of blockchain technology available to the users. Some of the most popular wallets are MetaMask, Phantom, and the Coinbase Wallet. They allow you to buy and sell crypto while interacting with other users on the blockchain. Alternatively, DeFi Hubs like Zapper are platforms that allow you to actively engage in the world of decentralized finance by staking, yield farming, and providing liquidity. » Want to explore more about wallets? Discover the different types of crypto wallets Chain Layer The second layer holds the basic infrastructure of the DeFi ecosystem, and as the name says, it consists of multiple chains. Some of the most popular ones are Ethereum, the Binance Smart Chain, and Polkadot. These chains provide the essential infrastructure for DeFi applications to run on top of them. So, why is the chain layer important? Well, this layer allows different DeFi protocols to communicate with each other and interact with each other's data. Without it, the DeFi ecosystem would consist of a bunch of isolated blockchains with very restricted communication. Primitive Layer On top of the chain layer is the primitive layer, consisting of multiple protocols with unique features. The protocols in question are the building blocks of the DeFi ecosystem that provide different services to users. Decentralized exchanges (DEX), derivate platforms, and lending protocols are the main components of this layer. Some of the most popular protocols in the primitive layer are Maker, Compound, and Uniswap. Almost all of the protocols in the primitive layer offer a unique service that's essential for the DeFi ecosystem as a whole. For example, if you want to buy some crypto but don't want to do it at a centralized platform like Binance, you can head over to Uniswap (a DEX) and get the job done. Aggregation Layer Being built on both the primitive and chain layer, the aggregation layer is often seen as one of the main catalysts for wide-scale adoption of crypto and DeFi. Since the layer is already built on two other layers, it's designed for optimized experience and usability. However, the aggregation layer doesn't consist of only one segment—it has supply-side protocols and demand-side aggregators. Supply-side protocols are the ones that aggregate (i.e., combine) the funds from multiple protocols and properly distribute them. Demand-side aggregators receive requests from users (like trades or buy orders) and disperse them with optimized efficiency as the primary goal. Key Features of DeFi Let's go over the main features of DeFi and see what it offers to its users. Borrowing and Lending Unlike traditional finance (TradFi), DeFi has made it easy for people to borrow and lend funds, which is one of the main reasons for its popularity. Thanks to protocols built on the blockchain, users can lend out their crypto to others on the blockchain and earn passive income while doing it. Alternatively, DeFi also features borrowing, meaning that you can get quick access to crypto in case you need it without going through tedious processes like with TradFi. » What is Tradfi? Read up on all the essentials Staking Staking is often used in conjunction with lending, but they're usually not the same thing. Lending refers to lending out your crypto to other users on the same protocol. When they use your funds for a transaction, you'll receive a small fee as passive income. However, staking refers to locking your funds on the protocol for any reason (usually to improve liquidity or security). It's also worth mentioning that staking is often done on a much longer timeframe (usually no less than three months), while lending could be a one-time thing. » Want to know more? Discover the difference between staking vs yield farming Synthetic Assets Synthetic assets are cryptocurrencies that represent real-world assets. Often called synths, these assets mimic the price of any asset you can imagine—gold, silver, stocks, bonds, fiat currencies, and much more. They make it easy for newcomers to invest in any market with the practicality and decentralization that crypto offers and still enjoy the same returns. » Curious about synthetic assets? Here's what you need to know NFTs Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have rapidly expanded on the market in the last few years. NFTs are both immutable and verifiable, which are the two main features why new investors keep coming to them as an asset class. On top of that, NFTs are not only used as a store of value or for investment purposes—they're also used to represent art, real estate, files, etc. » Are NFTs worth it? Discover whether NFTs are a good investment What Is Next For DeFi? All things considered, the DeFi ecosystem is still in its early days, which is precisely why it's so hard to predict the future. Even though we've seen a lot of growth in the last few years, it's still not enough for mass adoption. In order for that to happen, we need more protocols, deeper integration between layers, and better awareness. This is why in the next few years, we can expect to see a lot more interoperability between protocols, meaning that users will be able to move their funds between different protocols with ease. Additionally, we can also expect to see more NFTs being used in DeFi for lending, borrowing, and other financial services. All in all, the DeFi ecosystem is still in its early days, but it has a lot of potential. In the next few years, we can expect to see more growth and wider adoption from it.
Explaining Akash—The First Open-Source Cloud Solution

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

Explaining Akash—The First Open-Source Cloud Solution
Cloud computing is a massive industry that solves many problems for companies in a convenient manner: anyone can have access to servers, storage, databases, analytics, and data as long as they have a reliable internet connection. As you can imagine, cloud computing has changed the entire IT industry, allowing IT organizations to scale globally at a low price in a productive and reliable manner. Companies like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft have taken the industry by storm, seeking to offer their resources all over the world. There's only one innate problem in this approach—centralization. These three companies account for nearly 70% of the entire cloud computing market, meaning that they have a lot of data for millions, possibly billions of people around the world. More and more companies have seen the inherent problem of the way modern cloud computing works, which is why there has been a need for a decentralized cloud computing solution—and this is where the Akash Network comes in. What Is the Akash Network? The Akash Network is a fully decentralized platform launched in 2020 that takes cloud computing and blockchain technology and puts them together. The main goal of the network is to "democratize" cloud computing, making it easier for people and smaller enterprises to both provide and use cloud computing services. For example, if you have a computer that has some storage you don't use, you can rent it out to the network and earn rewards. Alternatively, you might not want to provide cloud computing services, but you might want to rent them for your small company or your personal needs. With the Akash Network, users can set a price and look for the resources they need in an easy and convenient manner. In this way, the Akash Network offers a market for cloud computing services that's open to anyone who wants to join. How Does the Akash Network Work? There are three main parts of the network: the Producers, the Tenants, and the Marketplace. The Producers The Producers are the ones who provide resources for the network. In order to become a Producer, you need to have some sort of cloud computing resource that you're willing to rent out. This can be anything from storage space to CPU power and everything in between.The Tenants The Tenants are the ones who use the resources provided by the Producers. In order to become a Tenant, you need to have a need for some sort of cloud computing resource.The Marketplace The Marketplace is the platform that connects Producers and Tenants and allows them to do business with each other. The Marketplace is also responsible for matching Producers and Tenants based on their needs and requirements. The Akash Token (AKT) The Akash Token (AKT) is the native cryptocurrency of the Akash Network. This token is used to power the network and incentivize Producers to provide their resources. In other words, when a Producer rents out their resources, they're paid in AKT. Similarly, when a Tenant wants to use resources from the network, they need to pay for them with AKT. Moreover, the Akash Token is also used for governance. Unlike Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure, the Akash Network is fully decentralized, which means there's no single entity governing it. Instead, the users are the ones that govern the project and the direction the network is headed in. So, the AKT token gives its holders voting rights on the network. Why Should You Use the Akash Network? You're probably wondering why someone should go with Akash instead of Google Cloud. Let's go over the main benefits of the Akash Network: Affordability One of the main goals of the Akash Network is to make cloud computing more affordable for everyone. The fact that it's decentralized and open-source makes it possible to offer competitive prices, making it better for both users and providers. Decentralization This means that there's no central entity controlling the Akash Network. Instead, it's governed by the users, which makes it resistant to censorship and attacks. If Google believes that you're violating its terms of use, it holds the right to terminate the services you use from it. This isn't the case with Akash. Simplicity The Akash Network is designed to be as user-friendly as possible since one of its main goals is wide-scale adoption. The Marketplace makes it easy to find the resources you need, while the process of renting out your resources is straightforward as well. Conclusion Overall, we think that the Akash Network provides an incredibly innovative solution to the modern problems of cloud computing. In addition to lower costs and wider availability, the network truly offers a way to remodel cloud computing and steer the industry in a whole direction. Nevertheless, the project is still relatively new, being launched in September 2020, and only the future will tell whether or not it will deliver on its promises.
How the Fei Protocol Is Changing the Way Stablecoins Work

General Discussions About Decentralized Finance

How the Fei Protocol Is Changing the Way Stablecoins Work
As an emerging financial technology, decentralized finance (DeFi) has come a long way since the first projects in 2015. One of the strongest pillars of DeFi is stablecoins, allowing crypto enthusiasts to participate in many protocols without worrying at all about volatility. Now there are many popular stablecoins, like USDT and USDC, but they have one main problem—centralization. They're run by centralized organizations that control the issuing of tokens manually, going against one of the core principles of blockchain technology. This is the main inspiration for the Fei protocol—create a decentralized project on the blockchain that will change the way stablecoins work. The protocol was launched back in March 2021 and has come a very long way since. Now, let's dive deeper into how the protocol works and what it promises to solve in the future. How Does the Fei Protocol Work? The backbone of the Fei protocol is the FEI token, which is an ERC20 stablecoin, meaning it runs on the Ethereum network. The team behind the project wanted to create a market that trades in parallel to the ETH/USD pair—which is the ETH/FEI pair. As you can already guess, the FEI token has a price pegged to $1, allowing users to send and receive payments with near-zero volatility, just like other stablecoins. However, unlike other stablecoins, the FEI token isn't centralized and doesn't have an organization managing the issuing of tokens. So, how does FEI manage to keep its price at $1? Well, the Fei protocol uses two key ideas: Protocol Controlled Value (PCV) and direct incentives. Protocol Controlled Value (PCV) With the PCV model, the Fei protocol can accumulate funds in a similar manner to companies with cash reserves. With this model, the token's value is controlled by the protocol, as the model's name suggests. This means that once the protocol has accumulated funds, it can use them to organize liquidity mining programs, provide liquidity to new markets, and buy back FEI tokens from another market. So, how does the PCV model differ from the way stablecoins work traditionally? The main difference is that with the PCV model, the protocol can use these funds without waiting for deposit confirmations—as soon as the protocol has the necessary amount of Ethereum, it can start using the funds. Let's say that the FEI token has a sharp drop in value. If the price of FEI falls below $1, the protocol will automatically buy back tokens from the market until the price is stabilized, keeping the 1:1 peg to USD. Direct Incentives With the direct incentives model, the protocol offers users different benefits for holding or using FEI. For example, if a user wants to get a loan in FEI, they can put up some collateral in ETH. However, with the FEI protocol, users can get a significantly lower interest rate than what they would typically get from a centralized organization (like with Tether-USDT). This is possible because the protocol can offer these incentives directly without going through middlemen. Moreover, the direct incentives model also allows the protocol to offer different benefits to liquidity providers. If a user provides liquidity to the ETH/FEI market on a decentralized exchange (DEX) like UniSwap, they'll be able to earn a portion of the transaction fees generated by that market, paid in FEI. This is a great way to encourage users to provide liquidity and help keep the price of FEI stable. Explaining the Governance Model Behind the Fei Protocol Since the Fei protocol is fully decentralized, the governance of the protocol is in the hands of the users. This is done with the protocol's governance token named TRIBE. As you can imagine, the holders of the token get to vote on essential matters in the protocol, and the more tokens you have, the more impactful your vote will be. Even if you don't want to participate in the governance of the protocol, you can still benefit from having the TRIBE token. For example, you can contribute to the FEI/TRIBE liquidity pool and earn a certain percentage every time someone swaps one token for the other. Moreover, the token might be a good investment, because as of September 2022, it's trading at around $0.27 per token. If the token manages to reach its previous all-time high of $1.78, you're looking at a 550% profit. Conclusion Overall, the Fei protocol seems to be a promising project. The team behind it has made considerable efforts to launch the project and bring it up to the level it is today, so it might have a bright future. However, the team must continue to work hard to prove to investors that it's worthwhile. Due to the tragic collapse of some stablecoins and DeFi projects, investors might be discouraged from investing in projects like the Fei protocol. Nevertheless, the team has delivered outstanding results so far, and we should expect more or less the same in the near future. So, if you're looking for a stablecoin that you can use in your everyday life or want to invest in a project with a lot of potential, the Fei protocol might be a good option for you.