Orca: A Solana-Based AMM DEX for the People

Filip Dimkovski
By Filip Dimkovski
Kirsty Mac Dougall
Edited by Kirsty Macdougall

Published September 1, 2022.

A young man with professional attire, spectacles, and a pleasant facial expression, busy working on his laptop.

Decentralized exchanges (DEXs) have flooded the market in the last few years. Unlike centralized exchanges (CEXs), which have a central authority leading them (usually in the form of a company), decentralized exchanges are fully autonomous protocols built on top of the blockchain.

This means that no central body has any view over your activity, guaranteeing complete privacy for all its users.

What Is Orca?

One of the most user-friendly decentralized exchanges is Orca, a protocol built on Solana's blockchain. Although the protocol is not as popular as other DEXs, Orca can still be regarded as a great project.

Orca's primary focus is to provide a permissionless experience to all its users when buying and selling crypto. To do this, they have built a unique Automated Market Maker (AMM) system that does not require any order books or liquidity pools. As a result, all positions opened on Orca are entirely decentralized.

Now with the basics out of the way, let's dive deeper into how Orca works as a protocol.

How Does Orca Work?

Orca works as a decentralized protocol that is built on top of the Solana blockchain. The mainnet for Orca was launched in March 2020.

We briefly mentioned that Orca uses an Automated Market Maker (AMM), but how exactly does that work?

  • Users who want to buy or sell crypto on Orca will have to deposit their crypto into the Orca smart contract.
  • After the user has deposited their crypto, they will be able to trade on the Orca platform.
  • When a trade is initiated, the Orca protocol automatically matches the trade with another user who wants to buy or sell the same asset.
  • This means that as long as there's a market for the cryptocurrency in question, your order is almost guaranteed to execute.

It's also worth mentioning that the team behind Orca has built a native token for their protocol, which goes under the label ORCA.

The main use case for the ORCA token is to provide liquidity to the platform. When a user provides liquidity to the Orca platform, they will receive staking rewards. The rewards coming in the form of the ORCA token can then be used to trade on the Orca platform, or they can be sold on other exchanges.

How Does Orca Compete With Other DEXs?

Of course, Orca isn't the only DEX to use such a system. Its protocol for buying and selling crypto is very similar to how other AMM DEXs work, such as Uniswap. The main difference between Orca and other AMM DEXs is that Orca uses the Solana blockchain instead of Ethereum.

Consequently, trades on Orca are much faster and cheaper than they would be on other protocols since Solana's fees are significantly lower than Ethereum's.

What Benefits Does Orca Offer?

Focus on User Experience

The team behind Orca has made it their mission to provide a seamless and permissionless experience for all their users.

This means anyone can use the Orca protocol without going through a KYC process.

Focus on Security

The Orca protocol is built on top of the Solana blockchain, which is known for prioritizing scalability and security.

In addition, the Orca team has also built a number of security features into their protocol, such as 2-factor authentication and multisig wallets.

Focus on Flexibility

The Orca protocol is designed to be easily integrated into other platforms and protocols.

This allows developers to easily build on the Orca protocol and create new applications and services.

Should I Invest in the Orca Protocol?

If you want to invest in a decentralized exchange primarily focused on user experience and security, then Orca is an excellent option for you.

There is a vast use case for the ORCA token, as anyone can use it to transact. Moreover, stakers can provide liquidity to the protocol and receive their rewards in ORCA tokens, so the future for it seems bright.

Still, it is essential to note that Orca is a relatively new project and is not yet available on any major exchanges. It may be difficult to buy ORCA tokens if you are not already familiar with the cryptocurrency space.

Promising Project for the People

Overall, Orca seems to be a promising project. It's a fully decentralized protocol built on the Solana blockchain, meaning that all of the transactions executed on the platform will have minimal fees and lightning-fast execution.

However, the Orca platform has some drawbacks too. It's a relatively new project, and although Solana is known for being fast and efficient with transactions, it's also known to have occasional network outages.

Make sure to do your own research to see whether or not Orca is the right investment for you.