How Are dApps Developed?

DApps are developed on blockchain networks, like Ethereum. Learn how to create a dApp in five steps.

Josiah Makori
By Josiah Makori
Romi Hector
Edited by Romi Hector

Published May 30, 2022.

DApp development is the process of creating decentralized applications with smart contracts running on blockchain networks. The difference between normal app development and dApp development lies in their programming concepts.

Generally, dApp programming is more demanding than normal app development since dApp programs are immutable after deploying them on blockchain networks. If you lack coding skills, you can hire a Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) company or individual dApp developers to create a dApp for you.

The cost of developing a dApp depends on your business requirements. DApps can support various services, from handling hundreds of users to millions. Thus, the cost of creating a dApp is pegged on various factors such as the complexity of the dApp and project scope.

DApp development is still in its infancy stage. Nonetheless, we are seeing a high adoption of dApps in financial services, learning, gaming, healthcare, logistics, and agriculture. It’s just a matter of time before they become a household name as businesses seek cutting-edge ways to simplify processes and improve security.

The dApp Development Process

Below are the five primary steps of developing a dApp:

1. Identifying a Problem

Before embarking on the dApp development process, establish the business problems you need to solve. After identifying your business needs, ask yourself or your team whether a dApp will be the ultimate solution. Consider whether you need to eliminate the centralization of third parties in your business model and embrace a completely decentralized approach.

2. Proof-of-Concept

The second dApp development step is proofing your dApp idea and illustrating its potential. The proof-of-concept step allows you to validate your concept with little resources before breaking your bank for the real deal. Basically, you are testing and analyzing your dApp idea to minimize the risk of failure.

3. Choose a Blockchain

After successfully analyzing and testing your idea, proceed to establish the ideal blockchain network for your dApp development. Remember, each blockchain has its advantages and disadvantages.

For instance, though Ethereum is the most popular network for dApps, it’s expensive, slow, and lacks scalability. However, you can consider numerous Ethereum alternatives to minimize cost, increase speed, and improve scalability, including Polygon, Cardano, Polkadot, Solana, and Tezos.

4. Visual Interface and Technical Design

The fourth dApp development step is creating a user-friendly interface design for all your software elements and creating a technical architecture to support the functions of your dApp.

5. Development and Deployment

This is an important dApp development step where you create the app using an agile development method. After testing your dApp on a test network, deploy it on the blockchain you chose earlier and cloud platforms.